Marine Ecosystem Dynamics Modeling Laboratory

The Northeast Coastal Ocean Forecast System (NECOFS)

The Northeast Coastal Ocean Forecast System (NECOFS) is an integrated atmosphere-ocean model forecast system designed for the northeast US coastal region covering a computational domain from the south of Long-Island Sound to the north of the Nova Scotian Shelf. The system includes 1) the mesoscale meteorological model WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting model); 2) the unstructured grid Finite-Volume Community Ocean Model and Surface WAVE model with configuration for the Gulf of Maine/Georges Bank /New England Shelf (FVCOM-GOM and FVCOM-SWAVE); 3) the Massachusetts Coastal Waters domain FVCOM (Mass-Coastal FVCOM) and 4) fully wave-current coupled coastal inundation model systems for  Scituate Harbor and Boston Harbor, MA, and Hamption-Seabrook Estuary, NH.

NECOFS has been validated by hindcast experiments from 1978 to present. This model is capable of reproducing accurately both tidal and subtidal motions in the Gulf of Maine/Georges Bank/New England Shelf regions. Hourly products are available in the NECOFS Web Map Server (WMS). NECOFS provides three days of forecast fields of surface winds, air pressure, air temperature, air humidity, sea surface heat flux, evaporation minus precipitation, sea level, water temperature, salinity, currents, wave heights, wave directions and wave frequencies as well as wintertime icing rates and storm-induced inundation areas. Hourly forecast fields can be viewed on this WMS.

NECOFS is a product of the Northeast Regional Coastal Ocean Observation System (NERCOOS) Program, with support from the Massachusetts Fishery Institution (MFI) and MIT Sea Grant Program.